Contract Indemnity clause
Indemnity clause for inclusion in a commercial agreement
What is an indemnity?
An indemnity is a contractual undertaking given by one party (the indemnifier) in favour of another party (the indemnified party or beneficiary) under which the indemnifier agrees to pay to the indemnified party the amount of any loss or damage which the indemnified party suffers as a consequence of a specified event.
The specified event might be:
- the breach of contract by the indemnifier
- liability of the indemnified party to a third party in relation to a specified event or circumstance
- a claim by a third party for loss or damage caused by the indemnifier’s breach of contract
Unlike other contractual obligations (and depending on the wording of the indemnity), an indemnity is not subject to legal rules and limitations regarding to the foreseeability of loss or the remoteness of damages which can be recovered by the beneficiary. In addition, the beneficiary is not legally obliged to mitigate its loss.
As a result and in exchange for agreeing to give the indemnity, the indemnifier may require that the beneficiary takes certain actions in relation to a claim or event which might give rise to a claim under the indemnity being made. These actions include:
- the notification of a claim from a third party in relation to the indemnified obligation
- an obligation on the indemnified party to take action required by the indemnifier to defend a third party claim
- allowing the indemnifier to take legal action in the name of the indemnifier to defend the third party claim
About this document: contract indemnity clause
This document is in the form of alternative clauses to be included in a contact where one party has agreed to indemnify the other party to the contract for loss or damage which the other party may incur as a result of a specified event.
- Alternative forms of indemnity, depending on whether the indemnity is mutual, for breach of the underlying contract or for a specified third party claim
- Provisions regulating the conduct of a third party claim which might give rise to a claim under the indemnity
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